Get to know Euro Emission Standards for Vehicles, Especially European Buses and Trucks
United Tractors, Jakarta – Have you been involved in the world of heavy equipment or other giant-sized vehicles such as European trucks and European buses? Surely you are familiar with the term Euro 1, Euro 2, to Euro 5. Euro is a unit of motor vehicle emission standards that were originally applied to transportation equipment to reduce the impact of environmental pollution. As time goes by, now heavy equipment must also meet Euro standardization.
As we know, motorized transportation equipment emits exhaust gases or emissions containing carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and other particles that have a negative impact on air quality if spread excessively.
Implementing Euro emission standards on motor vehicles is one of the efforts to prevent air pollution in the atmosphere. Therefore, it is necessary to control vehicle emissions by using more environmentally friendly means of transportation.
The European Union’s contribution to efforts to reduce the adverse effects of vehicle exhaust gases is by creating cutting-edge technology that is able to minimize the levels of pollutants in motor vehicle emissions. This technology is then used as an environmentally friendly vehicle standard. A complete explanation of Euro emission standards will be presented in the following article.
Euro Emission Standards
Until now, Euro emission standards have been applied up to Euro 6. How is the emission standard implementation system from Euro 1 to Euro 6? Here is the review.
- Euro 1
In 1992, the European Union issued a policy on the use of catalyst technology for oil-fueled cars (BBM) which was later referred to as the Euro 1 standard. This catalyst serves to filter hydrocarbons and other pollutants produced by burning motor vehicle engines.
Not only oil-fueled vehicles must meet this Euro 1 standard, but large vehicles such as European trucks with diesel fuel must also meet this standard. Under Euro 1 standardization, engines in oil-fueled vehicles must also be manufactured with technology that uses only unleaded gasoline.
- Euro 2
As time goes by, the use of motorized vehicles is increasing. This fact, of course, also has an impact on the cleanliness of the environmental air. The more motorized vehicles operate, the higher the pollutants produced.
In 2007, the Euro 2 emission system was introduced in Indonesia. Euro 2 standardization includes different emission limits for diesel and gasoline engines. The Euro 2 emission limits for gasoline vehicles are CO: 2.20 g/km HC + NOx: 0.50 g/km.
Meanwhile, on diesel vehicles it is CO: 1.00 g/km HC + NOx: 0.70 g/km PM: 0.08 g/km. In this Euro 2 standard, diesel cars must also use diesel fuel with sulfur content below 500 ppm.
- Euro 3
The implementation of Euro emission standards is not without purpose. In addition to reducing the risk of higher air pollution, emission standardization is also enforced with the intention of improving fuel quality.
Vehicles with gasoline fuel in the Euro 3 standard reduce sulfur levels more than in Euro 2. If in Euro 2 the sulfur level must be below 500 ppm, in Euro 3, fuel vehicles must have sulfur levels below 150 ppm and below 350 ppm for diesel vehicles.
The Euro 3 emission limits for gasoline are CO: 2.30 g/km HC: 0.20 g/km NOx: 0.15 g/km, while in diesel it is CO: 0.64 g/km HC: 0.56 g/km NOx: 0.50 g/km PM: 0.05 g/km.
- Euro 4
In 2005, emission standardization for motor vehicles reached Euro 4. In Euro 4 emissions, significant reductions in particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) began to occur, especially in diesel vehicles such as European buses and various types of heavy equipment.
Vehicles with Euro 4 emissions are equipped with a diesel particle filter that captures 99% of particulates, resulting in cleaner exhaust gases from engine combustion.
The Euro 4 gasoline emission limits are CO: 1.00 g/km; HC: 0.10 g/km; and NOx: 0.08 g/km and for diesel engines are CO: 0.50 g/km; HC+NOx: 0.30 g/km; and NOx: 0.25 g/km PM: 0.025 g/km.
- Euro 5
If in Euro 4 only some diesel vehicles have a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF), in Euro 5, diesel particulate filters are introduced for all diesel vehicles. Not only that, particulate limits also apply to fuel vehicles with direct injection.
For gasoline emission limits, Euro 5 imposes CO: 1.00 g/km; HC: 0.10 g/km; NOx: 0.06 g/km; and PM: 0.005 g/km as well as CO: 0.50g/km; HC+NOx: 0.23 g/km; NOx: 0.18 g/km; and PM: 0.005 g/km for diesel vehicles.
UD Trucks is one of the diesel heavy equipment brands that already uses the Euro 5 emission system. If your project requires an environmentally friendly dump truck or cargo truck with a high level of fuel consumption efficiency, you can use Quester Euro 5 from UD Trucks.
This truck is equipped with SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) technology which is supported by AdBlue liquid to reduce harmful particles in the exhaust gas. To get heavy duty trucks from UD Trucks with attractive offers, you can directly visit the nearest United Tractors branch office.
- Euro 6
Euro 6 emission standard is the latest one. In this standardization, the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NOx) level reaches up to 67% which is allowed for diesel fuel. Meanwhile, limits on the amount of particulate matter are introduced for vehicles running on petrol.
The Euro 6 emission limits for fuel vehicles are CO: 1.00 g/km; HC: 0.10 g/km; NOx: 0.06 g/km; and PM: 0.005 g/km. For diesel engines, the emission limits are CO: 0.50 g/km; HC+NOx: 0.17 g/km; NOx: 0.08 g/km; and PM: 0.005 g/km.
Implementation of Euro Emission Standards in Indonesia
In 2007, Indonesia adopted the Euro 2 standard in accordance with the Decree of the Minister of Environment No. 141/2003 on the Threshold of Exhaust Gas Emissions of New Type Motor Vehicles. However, at that time there were still many private and public vehicles still using Euro 1 emission standards.
In 2017 until now, the motor vehicle emission standard imposed by the Indonesian government is Euro 4. In accordance with the Minister of Environment and Forestry Regulation No. 20 of 2017 concerning Quality Standards for Exhaust Gas Emissions of New Type 4 or more Motorized Vehicles, both private and public vehicles need to meet Euro 4 emission standards considering that vehicle fuel consumption in Indonesia is increasing exhaust gases.
Therefore, to reduce the impact of air pollution, the government has begun to enforce Euro 4 standardization for motor vehicles so that the emissions produced from engine combustion become more environmentally friendly.
United Tractors: Distributor of Heavy Equipment and Environmentally Friendly Transportation
As one of the best distributors who sell dump trucks and other heavy equipment, United Tractors is aware of the influence of exhaust gases from the products sold. Therefore, UT only sells heavy equipment for mining, construction and other sectors from well-known manufacturers.
UD Trucks is the number one truck brand in Japan with Euro 5 emission standard that you can get at United Tractors. Equipped with SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) technology, UD Trucks also supports the use of Ad Blue which makes engine combustion healthier.
Besides UD Trucks, UT is also the official distributor of Scania, a manufacturer of coach and city buses that are equipped with Euro 5 and 6 emission systems. Therefore, the fuel consumption of Scania European buses and their emissions are more environmentally friendly because they have been proven to meet the emission standards applicable in Indonesia.
Want to get heavy equipment or mass transportation equipment that can reduce the impact of air pollution? Find everything only at United Tractors! With excellent after-sales service from UT, you can meet the needs of heavy equipment for various sectors and environmentally friendly transportation equipment easily and quickly. Contact UT Call at 1500 072 or visit the nearest United Tractors branch right now!